关键词:百感交集

在美国教汉语的体验是五味杂陈的、百感交集的。今天分享的案例是我在pre-schoo教书的体会。这个pre-school在哥村当地算是很有名的,因为他们是Montessori pre-schhol。如果你学教育,应该知道玛利亚·蒙台梭利,她是教育史上以为杰出的幼儿教育思想家和改革家。国际上有一个蒙台梭利协会(Association Montessori Internationale,AMI)是玛利亚·蒙台梭利创建的无政府组织,是联合国教科文组织的长期合作单位。目前,在美国的蒙台梭利学校比较缺有蒙台梭利教师资格证的汉语教师。话题有点扯远了。

前面的文章有提到pre-school在国内的教育系统中应算学前教育,对照来看应算国内的托儿所,小孩年龄在4-6岁左右。我从未有任何的幼儿教学经历,当我接手时,之前的汉语老师说课程内容主要是教小孩唱唱中文歌,和小朋友们一起画画玩游戏就行了。但是,当我真真正正着手教学时,我是一个头两个大。小孩子们真的很可爱,每次看到我来学校,总是会热情的拥抱我,开心地叫我“Jenny老师你好”,我的心都融化了。但是,BUT,小朋友实在是太闹了,上课的时候根本就不听我的话。我想要凶一点,但又担心太凶了小朋友会害怕我。带着这种矛盾的心理,我教了整整一年。

后来,我咨询了一些美国当地的学前教育老师,也找到了一些比较可行的方法。有一位老师提出了“轮流参与”的重要性,她表示可以在班级里设置教师助理的岗位,每次上课让一名小朋友当教师助理,帮助教师管理课堂纪律。今年暑假的课,我就按照这一方法执行,没想到效果如此好。首先,小朋友们都很喜欢当老师,很喜欢角色扮演。当课堂上充满嘈杂声时,承担教师助理职责的小朋友就会制止讲话的小朋友。当我在组织活动时,TA也会帮我一起负责活动安排。当我们一起玩游戏时,TA也十分积极参与游戏。说实话,效果太好了。所以,在接下去的暑假课程里,我基本按照这个方法,小朋友们都很高兴担任这样的职位以及承担这样的职责。同时,课堂上的纪律也好了不少。


关键词:感动

我的第一个家教学生在HSK2考试中拿到了197(满分200)的好成绩。说实话,连我自己都没有想到她能够考的这么好。为什么呢?首先,上课时间为一周一次,一次一小时。真正意义上来看,一年里,我们就上了30节课。时间其实算是比较短的。其次,她自己学习的时间比较少,因为她是一名家庭主妇兼研究生。她告诉我,每次学习汉语都要等到她儿子睡觉 -- 晚上9点以后,她才开始看书写汉字。再次,考试的前两个月时,她怀宝宝啦,备考阶段时她还在孕吐呢。我曾劝她要不就放弃了吧,但是,她说她想试试看,看看自己能不能抵达到那个水平。很幸运的是,她完成了她的目标,我也完成了我的使命。对我来说,教汉语不是我的本行,但是我尽我一切能力在学、在教。我把教HSK的经验融入了我学习TOEFL的经验。天知道,我考了6次TOEFL是一种怎样的经历。

在这里和大家分享一下教授HSK2的方法。

第一,考虑给学生订一本考试专用书,我推荐姜丽萍主编的《HSK标准课程 2》,配套有练习册和教师用书。

第二,印发单词表,有150个必背单词。每次上课给学生默写,建议这时候就要规范学生书写汉字的习惯,不要再写拼音啦。到了HSK 3就没有拼音了。

第三,听力和阅读要分开讲解。听力部分,一定要让学生听写,这可以当做课后作业。平时上课练习听力一定要让学习复述汉语,同时再翻译成英语。这样既能了解学生的辨音情况,也能抽查学生对听力文章的理解情况。

第四,阅读部分训练需要学生对《HSK标准课程2》里的文章都摸透,最好的训练时将拼音除去,让学生通过认识汉字来理解文章。

第五,HSK 2对语法的掌握要求较低,根据课本的内容来上的话,已经足够应对考试。只要保证学生在课上能够理解相对应的语法知识点就行。

第六,考试前,一定要给学生模拟考试环境,提供模拟试卷。我当时给我的学生做了三套模拟卷,然后仔仔细细过了所有错题。

以上的方法其实较为简单,对于经验丰富的老师来说,其实没什么。但是,希望能够帮助到刚开始教授HSK的新人老师们。

学了五次课,我的学生竟然能写汉字啦。真是佩服的很啊!

反思

今天反思的问题如下:

If a student comes to you angry with another student or crying and upset, what is your first reaction? What otherreactions might you have? Do you ever react differently to students (or totheir parents) depending upon their gender, race, or social class background? 

          
以下是我自己的回答(仅供参考):

Why I chose this question is because I was frustrated in my first year Chinese teaching.Actually, I encountered this situation in the Chinese session. As I mentionedin the first question, it was a disaster for me. Well, I remembered when Ifirst met the student who was angry with another student, I did not know how todeal with them. I just asked my co-teacher for help and then she took care ofthe problem and I continued teaching the class. Absolutely, I did not have anyexperience in conflict resolution and my co teacher who was a novice languageteacher also did not have any experience either.  Her solution was taking the two kids to the principal’soffice. So, in my conscious mind, if this situation happens again, I would takethe students to the office. However, because I took several courses andconsulted some experienced teachers, I may not just take students to the principal’soffice, I would prefer to diffuse the two individuals’ conflict and let themcome to my office after class. It is a good opportunity to know my students ina relatively quiet place. I would ask them to discuss their feelings and try tounderstand what precipitated the conflict. To be honest, I never react differentlyto students, because I believe that every student deserves to be respected fortheir positive attributes. When I was a kid, I also hoped that teachers treatedme fairly. There is a Chinese saying that goes, judging another person’sfeelings by my own. Actually, I do not set up a boundary between students andme, moreover, I do not want to have bias towards students since I do understandthe weakness of stereotyping. As a teacher, we cannot judge students at firstsight. We need to try to understand them and know them during their school days.Easier said than done! So I have already taken actions. We are one. 

小活动:如果你碰到上述问题,你会怎么做呢?如果你有这样的经历,你是怎么解决的呢?

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